Ramadan fasting Rules and Important facts: We write some simple rules to follow in Ramadan. If you have doubts about what is exposed here, you can consult the Quran and hadith; there you will find more detailed information. Peace and blessings of God be upon all of you.
Ramadan fasting, the ninth month of the Muslim calendar, Muslims by our faith and beliefs practice daily fast from dawn until the sun sets, is something very sacred to us Muslims, we manifest our faith through the Prayers, fasting and a whole set of activities.
Fasting in the month of Ramadan is done in the hours of sunshine; you can eat before sunrise and after sun concealment. There are several things that must be observed for such a fast is valid and also some special concessions for old people Advanced, with certain jobs or health conditions that require it.
Said the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him and his descendants): The month of Ramadan has come to you, a blessed month, in which God advised you too fast. In it is open the doors of the gardens (paradisiac). And the demons are chained in him.
Rules about the Eid Ul fitr 2017 fast
Also Read Ramzan Fasting Timings Schedule
Fasting is the fulfillment of the Order of God, as we have already mentioned, from the call of the prayer of the dawn, the moment of the first light of the dawn, until sunset, a little after sunset. Abstinence from all that breaks the fast, things like: drink, food or carnal relations and exaggerated mood swings and discussions among other things.
One of the fundamental objectives is to seek and obtain a state of peace that promotes the state of Divine consciousness, a consciousness that brings them closer to God and their sacred will, it could be said that with this Ramadan fast, peace is also pursued Spiritual and enlightenment.
Who Should Fast In Ramadan Days?
Fasting is, according to the Islamic precepts, a duty of the adult Muslim, healthy of judgment, healthy, resident, that is to say that is not traveling, man or woman. In the case of women, this should be out of menstruation.
Therefore, the mentally ill should not fast, nor minors, nor women during menstruation, as well as pregnant women, women who are breastfeeding and who fear for their children, or the weak elders, among others.
“Oh, believers! The fast is prescribed for you, as was prescribed for those before you, so that you may obtain the piety and the holy fear of God “(ALBAQARA, 183)
“During the month of fasting it is lawful for you at night to unite with your wives: they are a garment for you and you are for them. Allah knows that you deceive yourselves. He has come back to you and has forgiven you. Now therefore, go with them and seek what Allah has commanded you. Eat and drink until at dawn a white thread is distinguished from a black thread. Then observe a rigorous fast until the night falls. And do not touch them while you are retreating in the mosque. These are the laws of Allah, do not approach them. So Allah explains His signs to men. Perhaps, thus, they obey Him. “(ALBAQARA, 187)
Ways to identify the first day of Ramadan:
- If you see the new moon.
- If a group of trustworthy people report having seen the new moon.
- If two righteous men report seeing the new moon and their descriptions do not differ.
- If thirty days have passed since the month of Shaban. Also the first day of the month of Shaual (the day of the breakfast) is established with these things:
- If the moon is too high or late, this is not cause to identify that the night before was the first day of the month.
- An astronomical report of the new moon is not a certification that should be obeyed on the first day of the month of Ramadan or Shaual, etc. However, if you feel confident that it is correct, you should follow that report.
- If one is not sure if it is the last day of Shaban or the first of Ramadan, he is not obliged to fast that day.
- It is forbidden to fast that day with the intention of the first day of Ramadan.
- If one fasts on this day with an intention of optional fast (preferable) or replenishment (compensation) and later discovers that he was the first of Ramadan, he may include that fast as a normal Ramadan fasting day.
- If you realize in the course of the day that it is the first day of Ramadan you must change your intention for the Ramadan fast.
“My intention is to maintain the fast during the month of Ramadan”
- What is really necessary for Ramadan is to have the intention of fasting at the corresponding time in order to fulfill the Order of God.
- One can make intention in every night of the month of Ramadan for the following day. It is best done at the beginning of the month, the first night, with the intention of fasting for the whole month.
- The time to make the intention of fasting is from the beginning of the first night to the call to prayer at dawn.
- Someone who falls asleep before the first light of the dawn without intending to fast the next day, if he wakes up before noon and intends to fast his fast is valid. But if you wake up after noon as a precaution you should abstain from things that invalidate the fast and then you must do the compensation. If you try an optional fast you can make an intention to fast.
- If in the month of Ramadan a child becomes an adult before the call to the dawn prayer he must fast, but if this occurs after the call to the dawn prayer it is not necessary to fast that day.
- If a non-Muslim accepts Islam, he must fast from the next day, but if he becomes before or after noon, it is not necessary to fast this day or to recover it.
- If on a day of the month of Ramadan a sick person is cured before noon and did nothing to cancel the fast from dawn, it is necessary (must) make an intention to fast, but if this happens after noon, it is not necessary to fast.
It consists of taking some food in the morning, always before fayr, however little food or drink, even a little water, which runs from midnight to the moment of prayer, before Of the first light of dawn, with the intention of fasting present in the mind, for the Suhur is blessing and prosperity as the Prophet Muhammad said, peace and blessings of God be upon him.
The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him and his progeny) has said: Eat your Sahari (the food of the morning before the beginning of the fast) even if they are sips of water, since the blessings of Allah are upon those who They eat the Suhur. Tahdheeb al-Akhaam, vol. 4, pg. 198
After Suhur time, we will begin to fast.
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Things that invalidate fasting
- Eating or drinking intentionally. But eating or drinking forgetting fasting does not invalidate this, but once you realize it, you have to abstain and complete the day fasting.
- Vomiting intentionally. In case of being involuntary you should not recover it.
- The menstruation, although they begin in the last hours of the day (before putting the sun) must recover.
- Masturbation intentionally. Either by hand or by any other means, embracing his wife, kissing her, caressing her.
- Having the intention of having breakfast, even if you have not taken any food or drink that breaks the fast.
- Eating, drinking, or having sex, believing that the sun had set, or would have dawned, but later realizes otherwise. In case of sexual intercourse during abstinence, the fasting of that day is annulled and what is known in Islam as Kaffara must be done.
Kaffara: It is fasting two months in a row, if it were possible, or feeding 60 poor, in case of not being able to fast, or freed a slave, if he cannot fast or feed 60 poor. In case the man has sexual relations with his wife voluntarily by both, both have to make Kaffara. On the other hand, if the woman is forced, by her husband, she does not have to do kaffara. If you do the same act another day, you will have to do another kaffara and if you do it twice in the same day you will do only one kaffara, since it is considered each day independently of the others.
Breaking the Fast (Iftar) after the Sun has been hidden
To break the fast immediately after sunset and at the beginning of the time of the Magrib prayer, it is important to hurry to break the fast when we hear the call to the prayer of the sunset (Magrib).
Narrated Abu Hurairah who said the Prophet: “Allah, exalted is, said: those of my servants who quickly break their fast are dearest to me.” He also tells Sahl bin Sad that the Prophet said: “People are on the right path as long as they hasten the breaking of the fast.”
In the books of Hadith of Bukhari and Muslim it is said that the Prophet said: “People will always remain in good physical and mental state (during fasting) as long as they hasten to break the fast and delay the Suhur.” Ana’s account: “The Prophet used to have breakfast with fresh dates before offering Salat al-Maghrib. If I did not have fresh dates, I ate normal dates, or drank water if there were no dates. “According to various testimonies, the Messenger of Allah ate before the evening prayer (Maghreb) and also before the morning prayer.
Food can be taken with family, or friends and relatives. Charity is also highly recommended during the month of Ramadan. Currently in many mosques collective Iftar are made and the meetings are extended until fulfilling the taraweeh prayer in community in the mosque.
The supplications of the fasting person are more likely to be heard, so one must take the opportunity to ask Allah during the fasting period, especially at the time of breaking the fast. In the book of Ibn Maja, Abdullah bin Amru bin Alas said that the Messenger of Allah said: “Truly, the supplication of the one who fasts, and especially when he is going to break his fast, will not be rejected by Allah.” This hadeeth reveals a special privilege to the servants who observe fasting and the hour of breaking the fast approaches. Every person who fasts can make his appeal knowing that it will be heard.
“Oh, Allah, I have fasted for you. I believe in you and break my fast with your food “
“The thirst was gone, the veins were watered and the reward was obtained thanks to God”
Recommended practices in Ramadan
To abstain from all that is opposed to fasting in the moral, since fasting is a great school of discipline and doctrine, both spiritual and moral, for it is not limited to the abstinence of eating or drinking alone, but of all that is Bad word, bad act or bad thought. The fasting should be lenient in case of being insulted or assaulted by someone, avoiding all obscenities.
To clean his teeth without paste or water, the prophet used a twig called siuak during fasting. It is a branch of a special tree that is found in the Arabian Peninsula and is of many benefits, both for the teeth and for the gums and mouth, and is used as a toothbrush.
Being generous, the Muslim always has to be generous, but he is more generous in the month of Ramadan.
To increase the reading of the Holy Quran, during the month of Ramadan, when the Holy Quran was revealed, it should be recited more frequently than in the other months. Also said the Prophet (PB): “Fasting and the Holy Qur’an will intercede on behalf of the servant on the Day of Resurrection.”
Salat at-taraweeh: the night prayer during Ramadan
It is also known as “Qiyam of Ramadan”. Sala at-taraweeh or Taraweeh literally means “pause between individual prayers,” and that is why a series of 11 rakat (prayer units) are prayed with pauses after the first four and the four second, to end later of the odd prayer of 3 rakaat. It is a voluntary prayer that is prayed after the ishaa (obligatory prayer of the night).
During the month of Ramadan, Islamic practices are of great importance, for in this month, blessed above all others, Allah brought the Qur’an from the Protected Table (Lawh al-Mahfouz) to the House of Majesty (Bait al-Izza) in the lower sky.
In a hadith narrated by Aurwa, Aisha said that the Messenger of Allah went out in the middle of the night and performed the prayer in the mosque and some men prayed with him. In the morning, people talked about it and then a larger number of them gathered and prayed with him (the second night). The next morning again people talked about it and the third night the mosque was filled with large numbers of people. The Messenger of Allah went out and the people prayed with him. On the fourth night the mosque was full of people and they could not accommodate there, but the messenger of Allah only went out for the Morning Prayer. When he finished this prayer, he recited the Tashahud and (addressing the people) said: Your presence was not unknown to me, but I feared that the nocturnal prayer (qiyam) would be made obligatory and you could not continue it. Thus, when the Messenger of Allah died,
Ibn Shihab said: “The Messenger of Allah died and the people continued to do this (ed: the individual prayer), and it continued thus during the caliphate of Abu Bakr and during the first days of the caliphate of Umar” (recounted by Bukhari).
Salat de Witr
The Witr prayer is a confirmed Sunnah. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The Witr is a duty for every Muslim.”
The time of this prayer begins immediately after the ‘Isha’ and lasts until the beginning of Fayr. The end of the night is better for those who rely on waking up. ‘Aisha (Allah is pleased with her) narrated: “The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to pray the Witr at different times of the night, at the beginning, in the middle and at the end of the night…”
The Witr consists of one, three, five, seven or nine Rakaat which can all be prayed together with one salutation (Taslim), as recorded in the Sunnah.
The prayer of witr, in the last rakat, carries a prayer before ruku, called qunut, in fact this prayer should be done not only in Witr “Anas also said: ‘The qunut is in fayr and in Magrib’. “(Bukhari, THE WITR BOOK)
If the person prays three Rakaat for example, he may raise his hands before bowing to the ruku, but after completing the recitation of Al-Fatimah, to praise and glorify Allah, ask for peace and blessings by the Prophet (peace And the blessings of Allah be upon him) and make the supplications he desires.
Oh, Allah! Tell me among those whom you guide, you give well-being and protect. Bless what you have given me and protect me from the evil you have decreed. What you decree no one can prevent. He whom you support will never be humiliated. Blessed and exalted be our Lord!
Oh, Allah! Only to you do we worship, to you are our prayers and our prostrations. We work for you. We long for your mercy and we fear your punishment, which will fall on unbelievers. O Allah! We ask for your help and your forgiveness. We remember your thanks and we are not ungrateful. We believe in you and we give ourselves, and we turn away from who denies you
At the end of the supplication of the Qunut in the Witr is pronounced the salutations to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)
I’tikaf or spiritual retreat in the Mosque
He Itikaf consists is a specific retreat in the mosque for the exclusive worship of Allah. This retreat is lawful for both men and women.
Itikaf implies the dedication of the soul to the exclusive worship of Allah, the alienation of other people and the distancing of everything that distracts and distances from devotion to Allah. He better Itikafes the one that is realized the last ten days of Ramadan.
Whoever makes a promise to perform Itikaf for a specific time must enter the mosque before the sun sets on the day before the promised date, and can only finish the Itikaf and leave the mosque once it has been put the sun of the last promised day. Such is the case of who says, for example: I promise to do a week of retreat in Ramadan!
If the Muslim wishes to perform the Itikaf the last ten nights of Ramadan he will have to enter the mosque before the sun sets before the twenty-first night of the month and will leave the mosque after the last sun has set Day of Ramadan.
It is Sunnah that the person who performs Itikaf dedicates himself to various forms of worship, such as the recitation of the Qur’an, invocation of Allah, prayers, repentance, voluntary prayers and Tahayyud.
It is permissible for the person who performs the Itikaf to leave the mosque to do his needs, perform the ablution, attend the Yumuah prayer in another mosque if he is not prayed, eat, drink, visit a Sick or attending the funeral of a loved one.
It is lawful for a woman to visit her husband during her retreat and talk with him briefly. So can your family and friends.
The best Itikaf is the one performed in the last ten days of Ramadan. You are allowed to permanently or momentarily suspend the withdrawal, except that a promise is being made.
The Itikaf of the last ten days of Ramadan is Sunnah for both men and women. Aishah, may Allah be pleased with her, related:” The Prophet Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam; He never stopped performing the Itikaf the last ten days of Ramadan until Allah gathered his soul. After his death, his wives also practiced it. “(Bukhari and Muslim)
Abu Hurairah, May Allaah be pleased with him, related: “The Prophet, sallallaahualayhi wa sallam, did Itikaf for ten days in each Ramadan. The year he died, he did twenty days of Itikaf. “(Bukhari)